Laser Applications

Laser Applications

(8th semester - 3 hours teaching weekly)

Teaching jointly with Dr. M. Fakis.

Course Outline:

  • The laser as light source: properties of laser radiations, principles of laser operation. Laser sources for Spectroscopy.
  • Scattering of light: Rayleigh, Mie, Raman, Brillouin.
  • Instrumentation for Spectroscopy: diffraction and optical gratings, lenses, mirrors, filters, beam-splitters, polarizers, monochromators-spectrographs, Light Detectors (photomultipliers, photodiodes, diode arrays, CCD, ICCD, semiconductor based detectors for IR radiations, streak camera).
  • Devices and Instrumentation for measuring low level electrical signals: Lock–in amplifiers, Boxcar integrators.
  • Laser Spectroscopy: Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF), Multi-photon Ionization Spectroscopy (MPI), Raman Spectroscopy, Infrared Spectroscopy (IR).
  • Laser Induced Plasma Spectroscopy.
  • Laser cooling. Bose–Einstein condensation.
  • Introduction to Nonlinear Optics: the nonlinear optical susceptibility, wave equation description of nonlinear optical interactions, nonlinear absorption and refraction, second and third harmonic generation, nonlinear optical materials, the “all–optical” processes.
  • Optical Trapping and applications in Biology and Medicine.
  • Bio-photonics: basics of laser tissue interactions, Photodynamic Therapies.
  • Bio-nano-photonics: applications of nanoparticles (quantum dots, metallic nanoparticles) in medical imaging and diagnostics.


  • “Lasers-Optoelectronics”, S. Couris
  • “Optics and Photonics: An Introduction”, F. Graham Smith, T. A. King, D. Wilkins, 2nd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, 2007.
  • “Laser Spectroscopy: Basic concepts and Instrumentation”, W. Demtröder, 3rd Ed., Springer 2003.
  • “Introduction to Optics”, F. L. Pedrotti, L. S. Pedrotti, 2nd Ed., Prentice Hall Int. 1997.
  • “Lasers: Principles and Applications”, J. Wilson, J.F.B. Hawkes, Prentice Hall.
  • “Physics of Optoelectronics”, Michael A. Parker, Taylor & Francis Group, 2005.
  • “Introduction to Biophotonics”, P. N. Prasad, John Wiley & Sons, 2003.
  • “Fundamentals of Photonics”, Saleh Teich, Wiley.
  • Review articles from the journals “Nature”, “Science” and “Physics Today”.
  • “Notes on Lasers’ Applications in Physics, Chemistry and Materials Science”, S. Couris,


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